The Yangshao Civilization in Chinese Culture

The Yangshao culture is the term for an ancient civilization that existed in what is now central China (Henan, Shanxi, and Shaanxi provinces primarily) between the years 5000 and 3000 B.C.E. It was first...

Nuwa: the first creative Chinese deity

In Chinese mythology, Nüwa (女娲) is a Chinese mythological character best known for creating and reproducing people after a great calamity. Some scholars suggest that the female Nuwa was the first creative Chinese deity, appropriate for ancient...

Original Record of the Five Gods (or five emperors)

Huangti (Yellow god) was the son of Shaotien. His surname was Kungsun, and his prename Hsienyüan. Born a genius he could speak when a baby, as a boy he was quick and smart, as a...

Yu the Great

Yu the Great (大禹) was long regarded as an ideal ruler and kind of philosopher king by the ancient Chinese. He was a legendary ruler in ancient China famed for his introduction of flood control, inaugurating dynastic rule in China by...

Shennong: The God-King of Chinese Medicine and Agriculture

Shennong(神农), which means “God farmer” or “God peasant”, is a deity in Chinese religion. He is a mythical sage healer and ruler of prehistoric China. Shennong is also known as Wugushen “God of five...

Fuxi: inventor of hunting, fishing and cooking

In Chinese mythology, Fu Xi (伏羲), mid-2800s B.C.E., was the first of the mythical Three Sovereigns of ancient China. He was a cultural hero, reputed to have taught the Chinese people fishing with nets, hunting with weapons...

Original Record of the Three Sovereigns

Note: The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors were two groups of mythological rulers or deities in ancient northern China who in later history have been assigned dates in a period from circa 2852 BC to 2070 BC. Today they may...

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