The equal-field system to reduce inequality and improve productivity

 land-equalization system was a historical system of land ownership and distribution in China used from the Six Dynasties to mid-Tang dynasty.

Debate on Travels of Marco Polo

An authoritative version of Marco Polo's book does not and cannot exist, for the early manuscripts differ significantly. The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or...

The influence of An Lushan Rebellion

The An Lushan Rebellion was a devastating rebellion against the Tang dynasty of China. The rebellion overtly began on 16 December 755, when general An Lushan declared himself emperor in Northern China, thus establishing...

Literary Inquisition in the Qing Dynasty

The literary inquisition (文字獄; literally: "imprisonment due to writings") or speech crime (以言入罪) refers to official persecution of intellectuals for their writings in imperial China. The Inquisition took place under each of the dynasties ruling China, although the Qing was particularly notorious for the practice.

Feast at Hong Gate

Background Between 209 BC and 206 BC, rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin dynasty. Some of these insurgent forces claimed to be restoring the former six states which were annexed by the Qin...

Tang Dynasty’s Contacts with the Byzantine Empire

The Old Book of Tang and New Book of Tang mention several embassies made by Fu lin (拂菻; i.e. Byzantine Empire), which they equated with Daqin (i.e. the Roman Empire), beginning in 643 with...

China’s Grand Canal

The largest canal in the world, the Grand Canal of China wends its way through four provinces, beginning at Beijing and ending at Hangzhou.  It ties together two of the greatest rivers in the...

Eunuchs, castration and court service

The eunuchs at the Forbidden City during the later Qing period were infamous for their corruption, stealing as much as they could. The position of eunuch at the Forbidden City offered such opportunities for theft and corruption and China was such a poor country that countless men willingly become eunuchs in order to live a better life.

Destruction Of Chinese Books In The Peking Siege Of 1900

PAPER The destruction of cultural treasures has attracted the fascination of scholars for centuries and no more than in modern times. Since before Alexandria, the effects of natural and human disasters on books and libraries...

Partition of Jin into three states

Jin was unique among the major states in a major respect; whereas other states often enfeoffed the cadet branches of the ruling house, Jin had a policy of exiling or disempowering its own cadet houses.

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