The Shi as a noble occupation

The four categories of the people (四民) was an occupation classification used in ancient China and is considered a central part of the feudal social structure. These were the shi (gentry scholars), the nong (peasant farmers), the gong (artisans and craftsmen), and the shang (merchants and traders). According to historian Ban Gu (AD 32–92) of...

History of China: timeline

What is now China was inhabited by Homo erectus more than a million years ago. Recent study shows that the stone tools found at Xiaochangliang site are magnetostratigraphically dated to 1.36 million years ago. 

Religious worships of the Shang Dynasty

The Shang dynasty is the earliest dynasty of traditional Chinese history supported by archaeological evidence. The Shang religion was characterized by a combination of animism, the idea that everything has a soul; shamanism, the belief in shamans...

Erlitou culture: Stunning Capital of Xia Dynasty Unearthed

Chinese archaeologists found a large-scale building foundation in Erlitou Ruins of Yanshi, central China's Henan Province, which belongs to the later period of Xia Dynasty. The discovery, the first of its kind in China,...

Longshan culture: Black Pottery Culture in northern China from about 3000 to 1900...

A distinctive feature of the Longshan culture was the high level of skill in pottery making, including the use of pottery wheels, producing thin-walled and polished black pottery. This pottery was widespread in North China, and also...

Fuxi: inventor of hunting, fishing and cooking

In Chinese mythology, Fu Xi (伏羲), mid-2800s B.C.E., was the first of the mythical Three Sovereigns of ancient China. He was a cultural hero, reputed to have taught the Chinese people fishing with nets, hunting with weapons...

Original Record of the Three Sovereigns

Note: The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors were two groups of mythological rulers or deities in ancient northern China who in later history have been assigned dates in a period from circa 2852 BC to 2070 BC. Today they may...

Hundreds of Tiny Terracotta Warriors Found Guarding 2,100-Year-Old Chinese Site

Inside a 2,100-year-old pit in China, archaeologists have discovered a miniature army of sorts: carefully arranged chariots and mini statues of cavalry, watchtowers, infantry and musicians. They look like a miniaturized version of the Terracotta Army —...

Massive Pyramid, Lost City and Ancient Human Sacrifices Unearthed in China

A 4,300-year-old city, which has a massive step pyramid that is at least 230 feet (70 meters) high and spans 59 acres (24 hectares) at its base, has been excavated in China, archaeologists reported...

Stone tools found in China could be oldest evidence of human life outside Africa

Discovery of simple stone tools suggests human ancestors were in Asia as early as 2.1m years ago. The remains of crudely fashioned stone tools unearthed in China suggest human ancestors were in Asia 2.1m years ago, more...

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Prehistory of China

Prehistory of China

Great Flood of China