The Shi as a noble occupation

The four categories of the people (四民) was an occupation classification used in ancient China and is considered a central part of the feudal social structure. These were the shi (gentry scholars), the nong (peasant farmers), the gong (artisans and craftsmen), and the shang (merchants and traders). According to historian Ban Gu (AD 32–92) of...

Religious worships of the Shang Dynasty

The Shang dynasty is the earliest dynasty of traditional Chinese history supported by archaeological evidence. The Shang religion was characterized by a combination of animism, the idea that everything has a soul; shamanism, the belief in shamans...

Wei River and Chinese Earliest Civilization

Wei River, Chinese (Pinyin) Wei He or (Wade-Giles romanization) Wei Ho, river in Gansu and Shaanxi provinces, north-central China, a western tributary of the Huang He (Yellow River). It rises in the Niaoshu Mountains...

The Great Wall of China in history

The Great Wall of China was intended primarily to protect the cities, agricultural fields, and trade routes of settled farmers from raids and invasions by nomadic peoples from the north and west.

China’s Southwestern Silk Road in World History

As Robert Clark notes in The Global Imperative, "there is no doubt that trade networks like the Silk Road made possible the flourishing and spread of ancient civilizations to something approximating a global culture...

10 Major Achievements of Song Dynasty of China

The reign of the Song Dynasty lasted over three centuries from 960 A.D. to 1279 A.D. It was marked by a period of sustained economic growth which some historians term as the Pre-Modern Economic...


awangdui (马王堆; literally: "King Ma's Mound") is an archaeological site located in Changsha. The site consists of two saddle-shaped hills and contained the tombs of three people from the western Han dynasty

殷本紀 – Annals of Yin

From Qi to Tang the Completer there were eight changes of the capital. Tang at first dwelt in Bo, choosing the residence of the first king, and the 'Emperor's Announcement' was written.

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Army

Located at the northern foot of Lishan Mountain, 35 kilometers northeast of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, Qinshihuang Mausoleum is the tomb of Emperor Qinshihuang, founder of the first unified empire in Chinese history during the...

Longshan culture: Black Pottery Culture in northern China from about 3000 to 1900...

A distinctive feature of the Longshan culture was the high level of skill in pottery making, including the use of pottery wheels, producing thin-walled and polished black pottery. This pottery was widespread in North China, and also...

Editor's Pick

Battle of Gaixia

Banquet at Hongmen

Battle of Changping

Prehistory of China

Yuan dynasty

Sui dynasty