History books



    Eunuchs, castration and court service

    The eunuchs at the Forbidden City during the later Qing period were infamous for their corruption, stealing as much as they could. The position of eunuch at the Forbidden City offered such opportunities for theft and corruption and China was such a poor country that countless men willingly become eunuchs in order to live a better life.

    Qin’s Unification of China

    In 230 BC, King Zheng unleashed the final campaigns of the Warring States period, setting out to conquer the remaining independent kingdoms, one by one. The first state to fall was Hán (韓; sometimes called...

    Great Flood of China

    In ancient times, it was believed that the Yellow River flowed from Heaven as a continuation of the Milky Way.

    Burying the Scholars Alive: On the Origin of a Confucian Martyrs’ Legend

    The alleged misdeeds of Qin Shihuang climaxing in his order to bury four hundred and sixty Confucian scholars alive, made material for an often-recalled story during two millennia.

    Feast at Hong Gate

    Background Between 209 BC and 206 BC, rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin dynasty. Some of these insurgent forces claimed to be restoring the former six states which were annexed by the Qin...

    The equal-field system to reduce inequality and improve productivity

     land-equalization system was a historical system of land ownership and distribution in China used from the Six Dynasties to mid-Tang dynasty.


    Reforms in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

    The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (太平天国) was an oppositional state in China from 1851 to 1864, supporting the overthrow of the Qing dynasty by Hong Xiuquan and his followers.

    Why Are Hundreds of Harvard Students Studying Ancient Chinese Philosophy?

    The professor who teaches Classical Chinese Ethical and Political Theory claims, "This course will change your life." Picture a world where human relationships are challenging, narcissism...

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