History books



    What Was the Cultural Revolution?

    Between 1966 and 1976, the young people of China rose up in an effort to purge the nation of the "Four Olds": old customs, old culture, old habits and old ideas.

    Imperial examination of Han Dynasty

    Chinese imperial examinations were a civil service examination system in Imperial China to select candidates for the state bureaucracy. The exams were based on knowledge of the classics and literary style, not technical expertise, and successful candidates were generalists who shared...

    Feast at Hong Gate

    Background Between 209 BC and 206 BC, rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin dynasty. Some of these insurgent forces claimed to be restoring the former six states which were annexed by the Qin...

    Qin’s Unification of China

    In 230 BC, King Zheng unleashed the final campaigns of the Warring States period, setting out to conquer the remaining independent kingdoms, one by one. The first state to fall was Hán (韓; sometimes called...

    Debate on Travels of Marco Polo

    An authoritative version of Marco Polo's book does not and cannot exist, for the early manuscripts differ significantly. The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or...

    Eunuchs, castration and court service

    The eunuchs at the Forbidden City during the later Qing period were infamous for their corruption, stealing as much as they could. The position of eunuch at the Forbidden City offered such opportunities for theft and corruption and China was such a poor country that countless men willingly become eunuchs in order to live a better life.


    Life and Society of Song Dynasty

    The Song dynasty was an era of administrative sophistication and complex social organization. Some of the largest cities in the world were found in China...

    Personality and achievements of Emperor Kangxi

    The Kangxi Emperor's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history (although his grandson, the Qianlong Emperor, had the longest period of de facto power) and one of the longest-reigning rulers in the world.

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