History of Goguryeo

Note: The Chinese government's attempted characterization of Goguryeo as a possible regional Chinese power in recent times has received heated criticisms and complaints from both North Korea and South Korea, as well as all scholars...

Qin unites China (247–221 BC)

King Zhuangxiang of Qin ruled for only three years. He was succeeded by his son Zheng, who unlike the two elderly kings that preceded him was only 13 years old at his coronation. As an...

Battle of Red Cliffs

The Battle of Red Cliffs, otherwise known as the Battle of Chibi, was a decisive battle fought at the end of the Han dynasty, about twelve years prior to the beginning of the Three...

Seven Military Classics

The Seven Military Classics were seven important military texts of ancient China. Six Secret Teachings The Civil Strategy: The Civil Strategy provides the narrative of how Jiang Ziya came to dictate the Six Secret Teachings to King Wen, and elaborates on...

Opium Wars

By Kenneth Pletcher Opium Wars, two armed conflicts in China in the mid-19th century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled China from 1644 to 1911/12. The first Opium...

Partition of Jin into three states

Succession issues were constant in Jin as far back as seventh century BCE. Jin was unique among the major states in a major respect; whereas other states often enfeoffed the cadet branches of the ruling...

Battle of Gaixia

From 206–202 BC, Liu Bang engaged Xiang Yu in a power struggle – historically known as the Chu–Han Contention – for supremacy over China, while simultaneously attacking and subjugating the other kingdoms. In 203 BC, Xiang...

Battle of Mingtiao

The Battle of Mingtiao (鸣条之役)was a legendary battle between the Xia dynasty and the Shang dynasty, resulting in a Shang victory which created the circumstances for the elevation of the Duke of Shang to the...

The Battle of Muye

The Battle of Muye (牧野之战, c. 1046 bc) was a battle fought in ancient China between the Zhou and Shang. The Zhou victory led to the Shang being replaced and subsequently justified the doctrine of the Mandate...

The Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion or Taiping Civil War (太平天国运动, literally "Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement") was a massive rebellion or civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864 fought between the established Manchu-led Qing...

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