Battle of Fei River

The Battle of Fei River (淝水之战) was a battle in 383, where Fu Jiān (苻堅) of the Di Former Qin Empire was decisively defeated by the numerically inferior Han Chinese-led army of Eastern Jin. This battle is famous...

Seven Military Classics

The Seven Military Classics were seven important military texts of ancient China. Six Secret Teachings The Civil Strategy: The Civil Strategy provides the narrative of how Jiang Ziya came to dictate the Six Secret Teachings to King Wen, and elaborates on...

Qin unites China (247–221 BC)

King Zhuangxiang of Qin ruled for only three years. He was succeeded by his son Zheng, who unlike the two elderly kings that preceded him was only 13 years old at his coronation. As an...

Partition of Jin into three states

Succession issues were constant in Jin as far back as seventh century BCE. Jin was unique among the major states in a major respect; whereas other states often enfeoffed the cadet branches of the ruling...

History of Goguryeo

Note: The Chinese government's attempted characterization of Goguryeo as a possible regional Chinese power in recent times has received heated criticisms and complaints from both North Korea and South Korea, as well as all scholars...

Opium Wars

By Kenneth Pletcher Opium Wars, two armed conflicts in China in the mid-19th century between the forces of Western countries and of the Qing dynasty, which ruled China from 1644 to 1911/12. The first Opium...

The Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion or Taiping Civil War (太平天国运动, literally "Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement") was a massive rebellion or civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864 fought between the established Manchu-led Qing...

Battle of Changping

The Battle of Changping (長平之戰) was a military campaign that took place during the Warring States period in ancient China. It concluded in 260 BC with a decisive victory by the State of Qin...

Battle of Red Cliffs

The Battle of Red Cliffs, otherwise known as the Battle of Chibi, was a decisive battle fought at the end of the Han dynasty, about twelve years prior to the beginning of the Three...

Battle of Gaixia

From 206–202 BC, Liu Bang engaged Xiang Yu in a power struggle – historically known as the Chu–Han Contention – for supremacy over China, while simultaneously attacking and subjugating the other kingdoms. In 203 BC, Xiang...

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