What Was the Cultural Revolution?

Between 1966 and 1976, the young people of China rose up in an effort to purge the nation of the "Four Olds": old customs, old culture, old habits and old ideas. MAO SPARKS THE CULTURAL...

Reforms in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (太平天国) was an oppositional state in China from 1851 to 1864, supporting the overthrow of the Qing dynasty by Hong Xiuquan and his followers. The unsuccessful war it waged against the...

Debate on Travels of Marco Polo

An authoritative version of Marco Polo's book does not and cannot exist, for the early manuscripts differ significantly. The published editions of his book either rely on single manuscripts, blend multiple versions together, or...

Literary Inquisition in the Qing Dynasty

The literary inquisition (文字獄; literally: "imprisonment due to writings") or speech crime (以言入罪) refers to official persecution of intellectuals for their writings in imperial China. The Inquisition took place under each of the dynasties...

Bao Si abuses the use of warning beacons

Bao Si (Chinese: 褒姒) was the concubine of the ancient Chinese sovereign King You of Zhou. She was considered one of the most beautiful Chinese women ever. Legends record that during the last years of...

The Taiping Rebellion

The Taiping Rebellion or Taiping Civil War (太平天国运动, literally "Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement") was a massive rebellion or civil war in China that lasted from 1850 to 1864 fought between the established Manchu-led Qing...

Emperor Taizu of Song

Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kuangyin(赵匡胤), courtesy name Yuanlang, was the founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty in China. He reigned from 960 until...

Tang Dynasty’s Contacts with the Byzantine Empire

The Old Book of Tang and New Book of Tang mention several embassies made by Fu lin (拂菻; i.e. Byzantine Empire), which they equated with Daqin (i.e. the Roman Empire), beginning in 643 with...

Feast at Hong Gate

Background Between 209 BC and 206 BC, rebellions erupted throughout China to overthrow the Qin dynasty. Some of these insurgent forces claimed to be restoring the former six states which were annexed by the Qin...

Qin’s Unification of China

In 230 BC, King Zheng unleashed the final campaigns of the Warring States period, setting out to conquer the remaining independent kingdoms, one by one. The first state to fall was Hán (韓; sometimes called...
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