Emperor Taizong of Tang hoped for long lasting peace for his dynasty

In the fifth year of Zhenguan, Emperor Taizong said to his attendants, “Since ancient times, no emperors or kings have been able to avoid this: although you have peace internally; you may have disturbance...

Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty talks about governance

In the first year of Zhenguan, the Emperor said to his attendants, “As an emperor, I must think first of the people. If I live my own life well by causing damages to the...

Original Record of the Five Gods (or five emperors)

Huangti (Yellow god) was the son of Shaotien. His surname was Kungsun, and his prename Hsienyüan. Born a genius he could speak when a baby, as a boy he was quick and smart, as a...

Empress Dowager Cixi: listening to politics behind the curtains

For many years, the mainstream view of Empress Dowager Cixi was that she was devious despot who contributed in no small part to China's slide into corruption, anarchy, and revolution. Cixi used her power...

Personality and achievements of Emperor Kangxi

The Kangxi Emperor (4 May 1654 – 20 December 1722) was the fourth emperor of the Qing dynasty. The Kangxi Emperor's reign of 61 years makes him the longest-reigning emperor in Chinese history (although his grandson,...

The Five Hegemons of the Spring and Autumn Period

Hegemony of Qi (685–643 BC) The first hegemon was Duke Huan of Qi (r. 685–643 BC). With the help of his prime minister, Guan Zhong, Duke Huan reformed Qi to centralize its power structure. The...
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Evaluation of Emperor Wu Zetian

Quotes The traditional Chinese historical view on Wu Zetian generally was mixed—admiring her for her abilities in governing the state, but vilifying her for her actions in seizing imperial power. Luo Binwang even wrote along...

Big bad wolf

“HAD Mao died in 1956, his achievements would have been immortal. Had he died in 1966, he would still have been a great man but flawed. But he died in 1976. Alas, what can...

Puyi: The Last Emperor

Chosen by Empress Dowager Cixi on her deathbed, Puyi (溥儀) became emperor at the age of 2 years and 10 months in December 1908 after the Guangxu Emperor died on 14 November. Titled the Xuantong...

Li Yu

Li Yu (李煜; c. 937 – 15 August 978), before 961 known as Li Congjia (李从嘉), also known as Li Houzhu (李后主; literally "Last Ruler Li" or "Last Lord Li"), was the third ruler of the...

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