Rise of Northern Wei (386–535) and the Sinicization movement

In the Sixteen Kingdoms period, the Tuoba family of the Xianbei were the rulers of the state of Dai (Sixteen Kingdoms). Although it was conquered by the Former Qin, the defeat of the Former Qin at the Battle of Fei...

Battle of Fei River

The Battle of Fei River (淝水之战) was a battle in 383, where Fu Jiān (苻堅) of the Di Former Qin Empire was decisively defeated by the numerically inferior Han Chinese-led army of Eastern Jin. This battle is famous...

Shang Yang and his political reforms

Shang Yang was a statesman and reformer of the State of Qin during the Warring States period. His policies laid the administrative and political foundations that would enable Qin to conquer all of China and unite...

Li Si, most capable politician behind the unified Qin empire

Li Li served as Prime Minister from 246–208 BC under two rulers: Qin Shi Huang and the Second Emperor. Li Si was originally from Shang Cai (上蔡) in the State of Chu. As a young man he was a minor functionary in...

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and the Terracotta Army

Located at the northern foot of Lishan Mountain, 35 kilometers northeast of Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, Qinshihuang Mausoleum is the tomb of Emperor Qinshihuang, founder of the first unified empire in Chinese history during the...

Nine major enigmas of Qin Shihuang Mausoleum

Qin Shihuang, the first creator of a unified dynasty in Chinese history, died at the age of 50 during his tour of inspection. Emperor Qin Shihuang's experience, life and merits and demerits are noticeable, even the...

Su Shi, one of the most accomplished figures in classical Chinese literature

The Song Empire was administered and run by scholar officials who were selected through a meritocratic system of examination and imperially orchestrated appointments. One of the results of this meritocracy was a flowering of...

Qin unites China (247–221 BC)

King Zhuangxiang of Qin ruled for only three years. He was succeeded by his son Zheng, who unlike the two elderly kings that preceded him was only 13 years old at his coronation. As an...

Partition of Jin into three states

Succession issues were constant in Jin as far back as seventh century BCE. Jin was unique among the major states in a major respect; whereas other states often enfeoffed the cadet branches of the ruling...

History of China: timeline

Contents of Timeline Prehistory 1.1 Paleolithic (3.3 Ma ~ 12 ka) 1.2 Neolithic 1.3 Bronze Age Ancient China 2.1 Xia dynasty (2070–1600 BC) 2.2 Shang dynasty (1600–1046 BC) 2.3 Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC) 2.4 Spring and Autumn period (722–476 BC) 2.5 Warring...

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